South Africa Wine Answers
1. 1655 by Jan van Riebeeck
2. The first governor of Cape Town who produced the first South African wine on February 2nd, 1659 from the clones he planted four years earlier.
3. UK , France , Germany and Dutch
5. Cape winemakers co-operative founded in 1918 that controlled the vast majority of the wine business until the early 1990s, then converted to a private company and is now one of the world's top grape brandy producers.
6. Wine of Origin System (WO)
7. Similar to AOC and DOCG systems.
Established in 1973. the WO system certifies the origin of wines as well as their composition.
Wine and Spirit Board oversees the analysis and tasting of wines before certifying.
If varietal is specified, 85% must be that grape (as of January 1, 2006 ). If the wine is to be exported to the European Union, it must also contain 85% of that grape.
8. Estate=usually > 5 hectares, ‘Estate Wine' is grapes of certified origin
Ward=group of estates (Franschoek & Constantia)
Districts=geographical areas (Paarl, Stellenbosch)
Region=largest area of production
9. In southwest of the country (the Cape )
Benhuela current from Antarctica cools vineyards
Cape doctor wind from Atlantic
Hotter and more arid inland
11. Wide variation, including granite, limestone, and sandtone
12. South African wine is often described as being between the Old and New Worlds.
13. Constantia is a district in Cape Town and the name of a wine that comes from there. Constantia was famous for its sweet dessert wine.
Chenin Blanc (Steen)
15. Cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsault (aka Hermitage) made in 1925 by Professor Abraham Perold, the first professor of Viticulture at the University of Stellenbosch . The goal was to combine the elegance and finesse of the first grape with the strength and resistance to illnesses of the second.
16. High quality Bordeaux style wines/ greatest concentration of leading estates.
Cab Sauv, Shiraz , Pinotage, Chardonnay, Sauv Blanc
13% or South Africa 's wine production
The soils are dark alluvial to clay soils and combined with the well-drained, hilly terrain and Mediterranean climate prove ideal for viticulture. Summers are dry and warm to hot, with some February and March days rising to over 30°C. Winters are cool, rainy and sometimes quite windy, with daytime temperatures averaging 16°C. Snow is usually seen a couple times in winter on the surrounding mountains. Spring and autumn are shoulder seasons and daytime temperatures hover in the 20°C's.
17. All styles of wine produced, especially Rhone style reds.
Headquarters of KWV
Granite in the Paarl district, Table Mountain sandstone, Malmesbury slate in the north.
19. Game, ostrich, antelope, lamb & mutton, prawns, fish (kingklip) Biltong (salty dried meat similar to jerky), Mielie (Maize) meal, Amasi (sour milk)
Figs, coconut, spices, chilies, tangerines, tamarind